The definition of FTP
FTP is shot name for File Transfer Protocol, this protocol is used to upload and download files from your hosting account.
FTP is a one of the best and quick and secure way to transfer your files to the server ,
because its allows you to transfer entire directories or selected files between the client and server,
and its more secure if you are using TLS using ssl certificate ; this will encrypt the communication between the client and server side.
Connecting to FTP can be done in several ways.
You can connect to your server using a program like FileZilla or CyberDuck boths applications comes with free license
, or you can use an HTML editor like DreamWeaver or Notepad++.
Regardless of the applications that you are using you need account credentials like username and password to connect to the server.
The following sections will explain how to connect to your server using FTP.
To connect to your account via FTP using your cPanel user credentials
the following are the fields that you may need it to connect :
Host name:The FTP host is what your program uses to find your server.
in general Host name is like:ftp.yousrdomain.com or yourdomain.com if you configure the DNS zone of your domain ; and also it could be the IP address of yourdomain.com
Username : ftp username that has permission to connect using FTP protocol; it can be set either on cPanel or Plesk.
Password: the associated password for the current FTP username.
Port: This is the port you connect to your server through.
For standard FTP you use port 21. SFTP will use port 22 for VPS and dedicated servers. Shared servers will connect to SFTP via port 2222.
Directory:The main directory for your domain will be public_html. If you are using the cPanel username
;you will use “public_html” for cPanel account or “httpdocs” for Plesk hosting account; if your program requires a directory to be specified.
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